|The template in this tutorial is for the suitcase size and shape on the right (the one emblazoned with travel stickers, which I didn't include in the printable, due to the nicking from the internet nature of them, sorry...)|
I have divided this tutorial into 3 parts, so that anybody visiting my blog, does not suffer a browser crash caused by picture and word overload :D
The main part of the suitcase, is in this part which is Part 1, Parts 2 and 3 are embellishments, such as handles and straps, etc.
For the suitcase in my last post and those ones to the left in the photo above, I used a template available online by Kirsten of Min-hobbyblogg, which I had to modify, which would have made a tutorial including a "How to modify this template" a bit confusing, however you could still use this template, if you put card sides up to the height of the suitcase, into the interior sides.
For this tutorial, I have made a new template, based on a real suitcase, scaled down. Links below.
Free Suitcase body PDF
(Print onto 220gsm card)
I threw quite a few shoe box templates in there, so as to waste/not waste your card :D
Free Suitcase "leather" and lining PDF link
(Print onto graph paper, on my printer the graph should be facing up, in order to get the printer to print on the blank side, I assume all printers work like mine..)
Use a few light coats of hairspray on the "leather" and lining print out, to seal the ink.
The lining paper is a resized version of this vintage wallpaper.
By the way, if you don't have MsWord, there is a very similar free programme called, LibreOffice, available to download freely online (with a small donation request if you want to donate, but this is optional. I am not affiliated with LibreOffice :D). Mine is a little jumpy, but it does the job. Could be a problem at my end, who knows, who cares :D I used it to make the box templates, resizing, etc.
You will need :-
- A4 220gsm card
- A4 graph paper (preferably with graph only on one side of each sheet)
- A4 100gsm cartridge/laid paper (or fabric which is more durable for bendy parts, I used cotton lawn)
- Sharp pencil ( keep it quite sharp, throughout)
- Craft knife
- Hairspray ( I used Silvikrin classic, firm hold no.5, but any should do :D )
- Clear, water based paper glue (mine is ancient, and is UHU all purpose adhesive without solvent, this glue is for attaching the "leather" and lining to the card.)
- PVA glue (for gluing fabric onto "leather", straps onto suitcase, etc)
- Superglue (for buckle tabs, etc.)
- Flat shader paintbrush (use with PVA glue and water based glue)
- Cocktail stick
- Ball stylus (or thick blunt needle)
- Tapestry needle ( or thick blunt needle)
- Water colour paint (or watered down acrylic), Brown and Black
- Wire (think mine is 0.4mm)
- Fine long nosed pliers (you might get away with pointy tweezers)
- Snips (or scissors, if you don't mind possible blunting)
- Circle Template
- No hole beads, Pin heads, Miniature nail heads...
- Beeswax polish
Boring scoring basics
|When using the ball stylus to create crease lines, try to make the crease, slightly above the side edge. This is so that when the two sections are folded up vertically, the sides of those sides will be butting up against each other very neatly.|
|Then use the other end of your tweezers (or something similar to this), to press down the tab firmly, the whole way along. Do this for all tabs, on the base and the lid.|
BEFORE YOU GO ANY FURTHER, HOLD YOUR BOXES WITH TWEEZERS AND GIVE THEM A FEW LIGHT COATS OF...HAIRSPRAY. Leave to dry naturally.
I noticed when I used the glue on the boxes, it warped them, quite badly actually, so I started again, and used some hairspray on them, and it presumably stops the card from absorbing too much glue whilst the glue dries...or something, well it works. The hairspray, may warp the box slightly, if the coats are heavy, so when it dries, you can twist and reshape them, to get them square again.
|Set the box on the reverse of the printed "leather", about the height of the box and a bit down from the top of the sheet and draw around it, with a sharp pencil.|
|Use a pencil and ruler to straighten the traced box outline, going beyond the boundaries of the base of the box (to include the sides). Then use the box, as shown, to measure the "height" of the box.|
|You should be able to fit both the bottom and top of the box, on the "leather". Add tabs as shown, so you don't accidentally cut them off, they don't need to be neat, and also a few mm excess at the top of each "side".|
|Your cutouts should look like this. Do not crease the lines. DON'T DO IT! I know, it is tempting, I did it the first time, but the results are better if you don't.|
|Apply paper glue, using the flat shader paintbrush, to the base of the box, and set onto the graph paper side, and use your finger tips (cotton buds, eraser, anything) to press down firmly, including the corners.|
|Apply the glue to the side of the box as shown, making sure to work it into the gap where the box meets the graph paper.|
|Set the box down at an angle, as shown, drag back slightly and roll forward, the glued side down onto the graph paper side. This helps make sure the paper side attaches smoothly, from the base to the top.|
|Now that you have the side attached, use a pair of nail scissors to cut off the excess tab, as the dotted red line indicates.|
|Turn both pieces over so the lining is facing you, and use a stylus and ruler, to create a crease line, as the red lines indicate. Then fold inwards.|
|Dry fit the lining. This is perfect, I know it doesn't look it, but those sides flatten out perfectly in the end, so long as the base fits.|
|Use the end of your tweezers, to dent the corners too.|
|Apply glue along one side of the inside of the lid, then stick the "leather" rectangle in, as shown. Cut out a piece of the lining, the same width and height of the inside of the lid (marked X) and glue into place.|
|The lining strip glued into place, over the X bit. Hmm, interesting :D|
|On the reverse of the hinge, apply a fine line of PVA glue. You can use your finger to run along the glued area, to remove any excess, and to smooth it into the gap. Leave to dry.|
|Put the lid on the box. Make sure it is on properly. Bend the hinge back, and apply glue to the reverse, as shown.|
|Before attaching the glued side of the hinge to the box, use a ball stylus along the edge where it joins the lid, run it from arrow to arrow. Then use your finger to smooth the hinge down towards all the edges. Cut off any excess if necessary, and smooth the edges, onto the box.|
Leave to one side, to dry thoroughly and naturally. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO OPEN THE LID, STAY AWAY FROM IT! :D Because the hinge will be damp, you could damage it, plus, it is important that the edge closest to the lid, stays stuck to the box. Oh and don't stick it on the radiator, the radiator warps it, BADLY. Suitcase, say hello to bin.
You are now ready for Part 2 or....
I hate this templateIf this template is not suitable for your requirements, or you are working in a different scale and using thicker card etc., here is a rough idea of how to work out your dimensions.
In order to get a good fit, your lid must be bigger than the base. If you are going to cover your box with paper, you will need to make an allowance for that too.
|Hold the folded edges (8 in total) and measure the thickness, mine came to roughly 1.5mm, always round up, if it is just over a mm, make it 1.5mm, etc.|
|So for example, the base area here is 5 x 3.2 cm (50 x 32 mm), I need to now make the lid top area, 1.5 mm wider and higher than the base, to accomodate those paper layers. So by adding the 1.5 mm, to the the base measurements the lid measurements will be, 5.15 x 3.35 cm ( 51.5 x 33.5 mm ). The side heights and lid heights are, of course, irrelevant, as they have nothing to do with the lid fitting onto the box, the only thing that matters is the rectangle measurements in the centre of the template.|
To get your lining to fit nicely, subtract about 1mm (that is, if two edges of your lining paper, do not go over 1mm thick) from the base and lid measurements.
However, if you are going to print a template, to trace around, subtract about 1.5mm, the extra 0.5mm is to allow for the pencil marks, which will make the traced template, slightly bigger.
You will also need to subtract about 1mm from the height of the sides to be lined, so that you get that nice leather rim around the inside.
Click here for a hi-res scan of leather if you need it.
Hope that makes sense. Took me awhile to get my head around trying to explain that :D